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The outline of the long-term mechanism of the real estate market in the next city is gradually emerging.

  "Rent and sell the same rights" to the next city. On the 17th, Beijing issued the Notice on Accelerating the Development and Standardized Management of the Housing Rental Market in this Municipality (Draft for Comment). According to the notice, children of eligible tenants, including Beijing residents and non-Beijing residents, will enjoy compulsory education in their districts.

  In 2017, the real estate market in China ushered in a drastic change. Hot cities have stepped into the "five-limit" era with restrictions on purchases, loans, sales and businesses as the core, and the excessive rise in housing prices has been curbed. At the same time, with the expansion of the leasing market and the adjustment of land supply policies, the long-term mechanism of the property market has begun to break the ice and the outline is gradually emerging.

  Promote the "simultaneous purchase and rent" and land one after another.

  Beijing’s New Lease Policy released on the 17th pointed out that those who rent public rental houses and public houses directly under Beijing’s household registration can apply for registered permanent residence’s registration and relocation procedures according to the information registered on the housing rental supervision platform.

  For non-Beijingers, school-age children can receive compulsory education in the same district if they meet the conditions of continuous single lease and actual residence for more than 3 years, registration on the housing lease supervision platform, and legal and stable employment of one spouse in the district for more than 3 years.

  At the same time, a unified housing lease supervision platform and online trading platform will be established in the city. The leasing supervision platform will provide background data support for the online trading platform by linking the online trading platform, and the online trading platform will provide external services such as housing lease information release, online signing of housing lease contracts, housing lease registration and filing applications, transaction fund supervision, credit information inquiry of market entities, credit evaluation, etc.

  "In the past, both Beijing-born and non-Beijing-born people could only choose to receive compulsory education in their domicile or real estate. The new lease policy in Beijing is ‘ The same right to rent and sell ’ The best embodiment. " Zhang Dawei, chief analyst of Zhongyuan Real Estate, said.

  Beijing’s New Lease Policy also proposes that the people’s governments of all districts should strengthen the land security of rental housing according to the actual situation of each district, and increase the supply of rental housing by building rental housing on industrial parks and collective construction land according to the plan.

  At the end of 2016, the 14th meeting of the Central Leading Group for Finance and Economics emphasized that it is necessary to accurately grasp the residential property of housing, take meeting the housing needs of new citizens as the main starting point, take the establishment of a housing system with both rent and purchase as the main direction, take the market as the main direction to meet multi-level needs, take the government as the main source to provide basic protection, give priority to local areas, and take multiple measures, such as finance, taxation, land and market supervision, to form a long-term institutional arrangement, so that all people can live and live.

  In May this year, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development publicly solicited opinions on the Regulations on the Administration of Housing Leasing and Sales. In July, nine ministries and commissions, including the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, issued the Notice on Accelerating the Development of Housing Leasing Market in Large and Medium-sized Cities with Net Population Inflow, and selected 12 cities, including Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Xiamen, Wuhan, Chengdu, Shenyang, Hefei, Zhengzhou, Foshan and Zhaoqing, to carry out housing leasing pilot projects in the first batch.

  At present, in addition to Beijing, Guangzhou, Foshan, Wuhan, Shenyang, Shandong, Henan and other places have issued pilot programs to accelerate the development of the housing rental market. Take Wuhan as an example. At present, the city has chosen Wuhan East Lake New Technology Development Zone and Wuhan Economic and Technological Development Zone as the pilot areas for housing leasing. The Wuhan Housing Security and Housing Management Bureau takes the lead in organizing relevant units, and according to factors such as enterprise operation scale, financial strength, operation ability and credit, no less than five state-owned enterprises, five private real estate development enterprises and ten housing leasing enterprises are selected as pilot enterprises for large-scale operation of housing leasing, so as to achieve the landing of housing leasing projects by the end of 2017, with 7,000 newly leased houses with an area of not less than 300,000 square meters.

  Adjustment of land supply mode has changed.

  From initial purchase restriction and loan restriction, to price restriction, sales restriction, and then to business restriction, the hot city property market has entered the era of "five restrictions". According to statistics from the Central Plains Real Estate Research Center, since the fourth quarter of 2016, there have been more than 60 large and medium-sized cities in China, and more than 160 binding real estate control policies have been introduced.

  In this context, the property market has turned from hot to stable, and the regulation policy has also shifted from restricting demand to increasing supply under the overall idea of "policy stability" and "checking for leaks and filling gaps".

  In Beijing, increasing the supply of land for 70-year-old residential property rental will provide nearly 20,000 suites. In Shanghai, two low-priced "rent only but not for sale" plots were launched, requiring the transferee to hold the leased housing property as a whole and continue to rent it out during the transfer period.

  The "Several Measures for Accelerating the Renovation of shantytowns (Draft for Comment)" issued by Shenzhen shows that Shenzhen will accelerate the promotion of "the implementation mode of shantytown renovation project led by the government+the implementation of state-owned enterprises+public housing" and support the construction of talent housing and affordable housing.

  The "Several Policies and Measures on Supporting Millions of College Students to Stay in China for Entrepreneurship and Employment" issued by Wuhan proposes to ensure the realization of the goal of "retaining 1 million college students in five years". It is understood that in the future, Wuhan will build apartments with talents of more than 500,000 square meters every year, and within five years, it will reach the total scale of apartments with talents meeting the rental needs of 200,000 people.

  "The land supply model has changed." Zhang Dawei predicts that the land supply in first-and second-tier cities will become more and more "price-limited+residential" in the future. Taking Beijing as an example, all residential land sold in 2017 will be price-limited or self-occupied. In this case, starting from the land supply, housing will be promoted to return to the residential property in an all-round way.

  In addition to increasing the supply of rental housing land, accelerating the entry of land into the market is also one of the policy directions. Previously, the Beijing Municipal Commission of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the Notice on Handling Pre-sale Permits for Commercial Housing Projects, and published a list of 389 in-transit projects, emphasizing that "13 million square meters of land has been acquired but not started, and 9.5 million square meters have been started but not entered the market". The in-transit commercial housing projects need to speed up the development progress and form a supply of commercial housing as soon as possible.

  Exploring the prototype of the long-term mechanism of the property market is gradually emerging.

  After two rounds of intensive regulation and control since September 30th last year, the real estate market in first-tier and hot-spot second-tier cities has entered a stage of "stable price decline", and the momentum of excessive price increase has been curbed. Mao Shengyong, spokesman of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that after this round of regulation and control, the current overheating situation of China’s real estate market has been cooled to a certain extent, and the overall operation is stable. The situation of excessive housing price increase in first-tier cities and hot-spot second-tier cities has been controlled, and the demand for speculative and investment housing has been greatly reduced; Real estate destocking in third-and fourth-tier cities has been effectively promoted.

  Mao Shengyong believes that in the later stage, we will increase regulation and control and pilot a long-term mechanism. He said that in the context of the pressure of rising housing prices in first-and second-tier cities and the high inventory in many third-and fourth-tier cities, especially county-level cities, it is time to strengthen the main responsibility of local governments and implement classified regulation according to local conditions. With all kinds of long-term mechanisms being tested and studied in various places and further expanded, the real estate market will usher in a more benign development in the future.

  "China’s real estate regulation and control ideas have moved from short-term to long-term." Kang Junliang, director of the Legal Department of China Real Estate Association, said that from the perspective of the real estate industry itself, a long-term mechanism is on the way. Including the nationwide networking of housing registration information and land registration information, the establishment of a sound and market-oriented housing rental system, the establishment of a classified and regulated land supply mechanism and land supply structure, and the real estate tax system under legislation.

  Kang Junliang said that information networking and real estate tax are basic systems. Through information networking, we can grasp the base and improve the pertinence and effectiveness of future policies. Real estate tax has a direct regulatory role in curbing excessive investment and speculation; Under the premise that the land supply and lease system will establish the dual-track system of market and security, the effective integration of housing market and housing security will be realized.

  Kang Junliang said that in the future, the long-term mechanism of the property market will be gradually improved and formed, and localities will conduct pilot projects according to their own conditions. For example, it is the general trend for the pilot of residential leasing to expand from the previous 12 pilot cities.

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"Olive" is the first person to go forward: the first Beijing Waist Flag Rugby Open kicks off

China Daily, May 20th. On May 20th, the early summer in Beijing was full of vitality, tacit passing and decisive flag-pulling. The athletes sweated and enjoyed the infinite charm of flag football. Sponsored by Beijing Social Sports Management Center and Beijing Daxing District Sports Bureau, and hosted by Beijing Rugby Sports Association, Beijing Beiolive Sports Development Co., Ltd. and Beijing Luyin Heritage Sports Development Co., Ltd., the first Beijing Waist Flag Rugby Open will be held in Jujia Stadium in Daxing District. This open will take two weekends to compete for four days on May 20th and 21st, and May 27th and 28th respectively.
The event of this open competition is five-player flag rugby, which consists of three groups: men’s group, women’s group and mixed group. Nearly 500 athletes from 34 teams participated in the competition. The competition will adopt the competition system of combining group stage and cross elimination stage, and the participating teams will play 69 games in total until the corresponding ranking is produced. The first Beijing Waist Flag Rugby Competition aims to create a high-level model of Waist Flag Rugby Competition with high-standard competition guarantee, high-standard competition venue and high-level referee team, and promote the benign development of the project with brand competition activities.
There is also a carnival activity area at the Open, where the majority of national fitness enthusiasts can participate in all kinds of rugby fun experience activities, deepen their understanding and cultivate their interest in the experience, and take a seat in the viewing area during the intermission of the experience to feel the intense atmosphere and distinctive rugby charm at the competition site. Everyone cheers for the athletes and jointly ignites the competitive storm of Beijing Waist Rugby.
Waist flag rugby is a new trend sport, which comes from the training subject of American football with all equipment. It is mainly used for tactical drills and basic route exercises. The defensive way of flag-pulling is used to replace dangerous defensive actions such as catching and pushing, so as to reduce the risk of injury in training. Because of the safety of zero physical contact, less requirements for the venue, relatively easy to get started, and friendly experience for beginners, in recent years, the phenomenon of "online celebrity Exercise" has become the daily fitness program choice for young people. Nowadays, more and more people are discussing its technical and tactical improvement and project development. Holding the first flag rugby open is to build a communication platform for the majority of flag rugby fans, add flag rugby to the sequence of national fitness projects, continuously enrich the supply of national fitness events and meet the growing needs of citizens for a better life.
On May 3rd, 2023, at the annual general meeting of the International World Games Association (IWGA) held in Madrid, Spain, IWGA Sports director Sebastian Gavins announced that flag rugby would become the official event of the 12th World Games in 2025, which was a milestone for the development of flag rugby. At the same time, it also shows that the first Beijing Waist Flag Rugby Open will be held at the right time, which will add new momentum to the development of China Waist Flag Rugby.
Source: China Daily.
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Who is the driving force behind the speculation of Chinese herbal medicines into "financial products"

In July, the trade of Chinese herbal medicines should have entered the off-season, but this year, the price has remained high since the beginning of the year.

  In addition to the natural climate and other factors, many people in the industry pointed out that the intervention of hot money is the main reason to promote the current round of high prices of Chinese herbal medicines. Lily li, Secretary-General of Chinese Herbal Pieces Branch of Sichuan Pharmaceutical Industry Association, said that generally speaking, the price increase of Chinese herbal medicines is cyclical, and the price increase of individual varieties is more common. But this year, Ophiopogon japonicus, Codonopsis pilosula and Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae, which are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, are on the rise, and Cordyceps sinensis, which has a high unit price, has also increased by 30% compared with the same period last year. According to his rough statistics, among more than 300 commonly used varieties of Chinese herbal medicines, 200 have different increases.

  "At present, it is obvious in the market that Chinese herbal medicines are driving up prices." Liu Xu, a special researcher of Tsinghua University National Institute of Strategic Studies, told the Chengdu Business Daily-Red Star journalist that relevant departments can investigate some malicious speculation and hoarding according to the price law and anti-monopoly law.

  "I haven’t seen this kind of increase in 40 years."

  More than 200 medicinal materials have increased by more than 50%, and some drug dealers have lost money to deliver.

  Under the influence of high temperature and rain, June and July are generally regarded as the off-season of Chinese herbal medicine trading in the industry. However, this year, the prices of various Chinese herbal medicines have remained high since the beginning of the year. "Commonly used large varieties of medicinal materials are on the rise, and local angelica has risen from one kilogram in 60 yuan to one kilogram in 200 yuan; One kilogram of codonopsis pilosula in 80 yuan has now risen to 220 yuan, and Shayuanzi has increased tenfold. " An old Chinese doctor in the Southwest Chinese Medicine Clinic lamented: "It’s not normal. I have never seen this kind of increase in Chinese medicine for 40 years."

  The business of the Chinese herbal medicine market has also been affected. In Qingping Chinese herbal medicine wholesale market, the price of Angelica sinensis has risen to 300 yuan per kilogram. Mr. Li of Qingping Market Medicinal Materials Company told Chengdu Business Daily-Red Star News reporter that since the price increase, the business has also become weak. According to Mr. Li’s estimation, the wholesale volume of angelica in the store has fallen by more than half.

  From the origin and storage base of Chinese herbal medicines, to the wholesale market, and then to the whole industrial chain of Chinese herbal medicines entering hospitals and clinics, the impact of rising prices has been felt, and even some pharmaceutical companies that signed procurement contracts at the beginning of the year need to deliver at a loss. The person in charge of the pharmaceutical industry of a Chinese herbal medicine factory engaged in export business introduced that the Chinese herbal medicine factory generally measures the scale of procurement and production through customer orders. At the beginning of the year, after the factory prepared the annual consumption of about 20 tons of angelica for customers according to the practice of previous years, I didn’t expect to catch up with the price increase of angelica. Now there is still a gap of 5% to 10% of angelica in the factory. In order to deliver on time, the factory considers buying raw materials such as angelica at a high price. "A better decoction piece factory can only make a little profit, and some factories have to deliver when they lose money."

  China association of traditional chinese medicine reported in June that in Bozhou, Anguo, Yulin and other major trading markets, more than 200 conventional varieties increased by more than 50% annually, 100 conventional varieties increased by more than 100% annually, and 25 commonly used bulk medicinal materials increased by more than 200% annually. The reporter checked the Chinese herbal medicine market of Chinese herbal medicine Tiandi. com and found that the prices of common Chinese herbal medicines such as Angelica sinensis, Bupleurum, Codonopsis pilosula, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Astragalus complanatus, Paeonia lactiflora, Atractylodes macrocephala and Forsythia were among the top gainers.

  On July 12th, lily li, Secretary-General of Chinese Herbal Pieces Branch of Sichuan Pharmaceutical Industry Association, also told reporters that generally speaking, wholesale channels (such as Chinese herbal medicine purchasing terminal and Chinese herbal pieces factory) are the first to feel the price increase of Chinese herbal medicines. "The most fierce rise is the unified angelica, which has probably increased by 260% so far."

  Who is the "initiator"

  People in the industry call the influx of hot money speculation, "like stock speculation."

  What is the reason for the price increase of Chinese herbal medicines? According to lily li, from the analysis of natural climate, reducing production is one of the reasons leading to the price increase. Affected by high temperature and other factors, the bolting rate of Angelica sinensis is high, and the leaves are long and the roots are not long, which affects the quality and yield of the effective parts of the roots. After the planting cost increases, growers switch to other Chinese herbal medicines, resulting in reduced production.

  A Chinese herbal medicine dealer in Min County, Gansu Province, the main producing area of Angelica sinensis, also told reporters that when the market was good, the yield of Angelica sinensis per mu was 400 kg/mu, compared with only a few tens of kg last year, because the bolting rate of Angelica sinensis seedlings was too high. "The cost of an acre of land has also risen from more than 2,000 to more than 10,000, and many growers don’t want to plant it."

  Lily li pointed out that in recent years, the output of Chinese herbal medicines has decreased, while the processing cost and manpower transportation cost of Chinese herbal pieces factory are increasing.

  In addition, many people in the industry pointed out that hot money is the main driver of the current round of high prices of Chinese herbal medicines. Lily li also introduced that, generally speaking, the price increase of Chinese herbal medicines is cyclical, and the price increase of individual varieties is more common. But this year, the consumption of Ophiopogon japonicus, Codonopsis pilosula, Astragalus membranaceus and Fritillaria cirrhosa is increasing, and Cordyceps sinensis, which has a high unit price, has also increased by 30% compared with the same period last year. According to rough statistics, among more than 300 commonly used varieties of Chinese herbal medicines, 200 have different increases.

  Jia Haibin, Deputy Secretary-General of the Special Committee for Breeding of Chinese Medicine Association, said in an interview that since the second half of 2020, the domestic prices of Chinese herbal medicines have started to enter a continuous rising channel, with a large increase and a long rising cycle, which is extremely rare in the history of Chinese herbal medicines with data records. Jia Haibin said that in the past three years, the prices of many varieties such as Shayuanzi, Longgu, Guanhuangbai and Ziziphus jujuba have doubled. "Whether it is the planting area or the weather, there are data to check, which are within the normal range. The price increase of Chinese herbal medicines in this round is not normal. "

  "It’s the funds that enter the market to stock up and speculate, which is as high as stock trading." A dealer who has been receiving goods in Gansu, Qinghai, Henan and other traditional Chinese medicines for many years revealed that, just like the speculation of Sanqi more than a decade ago, many capitals chose several traditional Chinese medicines with relatively concentrated production areas, such as Angelica sinensis, Codonopsis pilosula, Astragalus membranaceus, etc.: "The way of speculation is to give money without picking up the goods, but only to speculate among various frozen warehouses."

  According to the president of Yuzhou Pharmaceutical Chamber of Commerce, when he went to the country of origin to get medicine this year, he found many unfamiliar faces, many of whom were real estate bosses or coal bosses. After purchasing medicinal materials, they all hoarded them, and the lower they went, the higher they went. "In April this year, I went to Shanxi to purchase medicinal materials, and I happened to meet a coal boss who was also purchasing. He bought hundreds of tons of a variety of Bupleurum. "

  Bozhou, Anhui Province is the base with the largest storage capacity of Chinese herbal medicines in China. When the reporter randomly asked whether there were any remaining medicinal materials in several freezers in Bozhou on the grounds of wholesaler’s inventory, many cold storage staff said that there were no vacancies. "The cold storage is basically medicinal materials, and there are fewer warehouses, and the storage price has nearly doubled."

  "At present, it is obvious in the market that Chinese herbal medicines are driving up prices." After comprehensive analysis, Liu Xu thinks that apart from weather and other reasons, most of the reasons are that wholesalers are jointly hoarding — — Because the purchasing ability, storage ability and sales ability of a single wholesaler are limited, once a large wholesaler takes the lead in releasing inventory in multiple categories, the whole price can come down. However, the current situation is that Chinese herbal medicines have continued to rise and run at a high level since the beginning of the year. "Without collusion between wholesalers, it is difficult to achieve." To this end, Liu Xu has repeatedly said, "It is suggested to investigate whether there is hoarding speculation and conspiracy to price behind the rising prices of Chinese herbal medicines year after year."

  Industry moves to contain

  The Chinese Medicine Association called for the prohibition of price gouging and the launch of the "Chinese Medicine Production and Marketing Consortium Action"

  Major medical associations in China have also voiced their voices. Since June, the Professional Committee of Chinese Herbal Pieces of Jiangsu Pharmaceutical Industry Association, Guangdong Pharmaceutical Industry Association and Bozhou Chinese Herbal Pieces Industry Promotion Association have submitted the Report on Abnormal Market Price Growth of Chinese Herbal Medicines to china association of traditional chinese medicine successively, arguing that there are social hot money or dealers who jointly hoard Chinese herbal medicines, and the prices of Chinese herbal medicines have soared abnormally.

  On June 22nd, china association of traditional chinese medicine reported to state administration of traditional chinese medicine the "Investigation Report of china association of traditional chinese medicine on the Recent Abnormal Price Rise of Chinese Herbal Medicines", calling on relevant state departments to issue policies and take effective measures to maintain the market price stability of Chinese herbal medicines and ensure the healthy, orderly and high-quality development of the Chinese medicine industry.

  On July 8, china association of traditional chinese medicine once again issued a proposal to all units, saying that the market of Chinese herbal medicines has been fluctuating abnormally recently, and resolutely opposed and never participated in any improper or even illegal acts that disrupted the market order of Chinese herbal medicines, such as price gouging and manipulation, speculation and speculation.

  On July 11th, Shandong Internet Traditional Chinese Medicine (Materials) Trading Center issued the "Initiative on Promoting Direct Supply and Direct Sale of Chinese Herbal Medicines and Pieces and Curbing Unreasonable Price Increase", saying that some medicinal materials have been brought with strong financial attributes, and the healthy development of the industry has been seriously impacted. Behind this round of sustained price increase, the reasons are not only the imbalance between supply and demand of some varieties, the reduction of production due to weather, and the improvement of drug standards, but also the wanton speculation of hoarders, which further aggravates the imbalance between supply and demand. Shandong Internet Chinese Medicine (Materials) Trading Center decided to launch the "Chinese Medicine Production and Marketing Consortium Action" to ensure the direct supply of Chinese herbal medicines and pieces.

  The regulatory system of traditional Chinese medicine faces challenges

  Experts suggest public investigation.

  According to Cao Haibin, deputy secretary-general of the Special Committee of Breeding and Breeding of Chinese Medicine Association, this price increase is undoubtedly a challenge to the current Chinese medicine supervision system. The reasons for this round of soaring prices of Chinese herbal medicines are extremely complicated, and it is urgent to improve the top-level structure and reconstruct the industrial interest pattern.

  Liu Xu believes that relevant departments can investigate malicious speculation and hoarding according to the price law and anti-monopoly law. "If there is collusion, information exchange and collaboration between wholesalers of Chinese herbal medicines, it is equivalent to a monopoly agreement, and the anti-monopoly law should be applied to regulate it. If it is independent decision-making, you can also consider applying the price method. Because the price law applies to all acts of arrogance and hoarding, the two laws can be said to be complementary. "

  Liu Xu introduced that Chinese herbal medicines have not received enough attention because of their scattered origin and market and long-term free competition. However, this year’s rally has not only appeared in one area, but more than 100 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines have increased in price in Anhui, Gansu, Henan, Chongqing and even the whole country. "From the perspective of anti-monopoly law enforcement, even if one of the 100 Chinese herbal medicines is due to hoarding and price increase, it is also a punishment." Liu Xu said.

  Liu Xu pointed out that, generally speaking, the public concern or organization warning of law enforcement agencies will have a deterrent effect on all kinds of price manipulation in the market. However, in order to help the Chinese herbal medicine industry to restore normal market competition, it is necessary to open a case for investigation in a timely and decisive manner, severely punish monopolistic behavior and price violations according to law, and confiscate illegal income, so as to make an example for others. Only with stable drug prices and sufficient supply can growers, wholesalers, Chinese herbal medicine enterprises and medical enterprises in the industrial chain form reasonable expectations, and the Chinese herbal medicine industry can achieve long-term healthy development.

  A positive signal is that china association of traditional chinese medicine said recently that the Association is cooperating with the competent authorities to carry out an investigation on the price issue.

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China-Central Asia Summit | Special Feature: The Glory of Silk Road in Ancient and Modern Times —— China and Central Asian countries draw a new picture of cultural exchanges.

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 15th Special feature: the glory of Silk Road, ancient and modern — — China and Central Asian countries draw a new picture of cultural exchanges.

  Xinhua News Agency reporter Qiu Xia

  The Millennium Silk Road is full of vicissitudes. The imprint of the blending of civilizations is fixed in the historical picture scroll and is not erased by time.

  More than 2,000 years ago, Zhang Qian sent a mission to the Western Regions to open the ancient Silk Road across the east and west.

  For more than 2,000 years, China and Central Asia have exchanged needed goods, learned from each other and helped each other, leaving stories and legends for the history of human civilization.

  Civilizations communicate because of diversity, learn from each other because of communication and develop because of mutual learning. Today, China and Central Asian countries have inherited the Silk Road spirit of peaceful cooperation, openness, tolerance, mutual learning and mutual benefit, and are constantly pioneering and innovating in cooperation fields such as archaeology, education, health, tourism, journalism, and local exchanges, so as to jointly build a pluralistic and interactive pattern of people-to-people exchanges and make the friendship lasting for thousands of years more deeply rooted in people’s hearts.

  这是5月11日在陕西历史博物馆拍摄的掐丝团花纹金杯。唐代带把杯除部分器物直接来自中亚粟特,还有部分属于唐人仿制粟特风格的作品,这些物品都是东西方文明通过丝绸之路进行交流互鉴的的珍贵物证。新华社记者李一博摄

  丝路古城展新颜

  “土地沃壤,稼穑备植,林树蓊郁,花果滋茂,多出善马。”1300多年前,中国唐代高僧玄奘途经中亚历史名城撒马尔罕时,记录下令人神往的富饶美景。

  撒马尔罕、塔什干、布哈拉……一座座古老城市如同散布在丝绸之路上的明珠,串联起中国与中亚友好往来的历史记忆。

  然而,一些古城年久失修,亟待保护;一些古迹更是湮没于历史尘埃,等待着“神秘面纱”被揭开的一刻。

  2022年9月,在对乌兹别克斯坦进行国事访问期间,习近平主席为米尔济约耶夫总统准备了一份国礼——中乌合作修复的希瓦古城历史文化遗迹微缩模型。访问前夕,习近平主席在乌兹别克斯坦媒体发表署名文章,其中特别提及:“我2013年访问撒马尔罕时启动的希瓦古城历史古迹保护修复项目已经圆满竣工,让希瓦这座古城更加绚烂夺目。”

  "In the process of restoration, China experts and scholars live in Shiva, and discuss how to carry out their work better every day, and communicate and cooperate directly with local experts and people." Ma Chalib Abdulaev, deputy director of the Scientific Development Promotion Center of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, said that the restoration work is very difficult. While using modern technology, China experts pay attention to the use of local traditional crafts and materials, and always strive to preserve the original features of the ancient city.

  "China experts always work very hard and treat the ruins of the ancient city of Shiva with care. In the process of working with them, I feel the sincerity of China experts and their cherished attitude towards Uzbek culture. I am very grateful and respect China experts. " Cormier Olimov, a local resident who participated in the restoration of the ancient city of Shiva, said.

  This is the ancient city of Shiva, Uzbekistan, which was filmed on April 29th. Xinhua news agency

  From the ruins of Mingtiepei ancient city in Uzbekistan to the ruins of Lachart ancient city in Isei Crate, Kazakhstan, and then to the ruins of Buddhist temple on the west side of Honghe ancient city in Kyrgyzstan, China and archaeologists from Central Asian countries have made concerted efforts to make the relics that witnessed the blending of civilizations reappear in the world through excavation results.

  In June 2014, the Silk Road: Chang ‘an — The road network of Tianshan Corridor was successfully listed in the World Heritage List. The Millennium Silk Road, connecting points into a line and connecting lines into a network, is a powerful force for China and Central Asian countries to work together to protect cultural heritage.

  Spring breeze melts rain and moistens peaches and plums

  With the "Chinese fever" and "China culture fever" heating up in Central Asian countries, Confucius Institutes and Confucius Classrooms have long been "full of peaches and plums". In recent years, as a "rising star", Luban Workshop is building a new platform for vocational education exchanges and cooperation between China and Central Asian countries.

  The first Luban workshop in Central Asia — — In Luban Workshop, Tajikistan, teachers from China and Tajikistan are conducting exchanges and discussions on thermal energy specialty. Unexpected challenges have made them difficult: there are differences in related formulas and numbers between the two countries. Even if the Chinese teacher speaks a sentence and translates it, the Tajik teacher still can’t understand it. After repeated discussions, teachers from both sides finally found an effective communication method — — Explain theoretical calculation in practical operation.

  Luban Workshop in Tajikistan was jointly built by Tianjin Vocational College of Urban Construction Management and Tajikistan University of Technology, with urban thermal energy application technology and engineering survey technology as the co-construction majors. It has two teaching areas, namely, green energy training center and intelligent surveying and mapping training center, equipped with bilingual teaching materials, training equipment and information-based teaching resources.

  "In Luban Workshop, we can learn to operate advanced equipment, which greatly improves our theoretical and practical knowledge." Saidov, a surveying and mapping student at Tajikistan University of Technology, said.

  On April 12th, in the Luban Workshop in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, Wu Zhengpeng (first from the back row), a teacher from Tianjin Vocational College of Urban Construction Management, explained the practical knowledge of surveying and mapping to students. Luban Workshop in Tajikistan is the first Luban Workshop in Central Asia. Xinhua News Agency (photo by Ospanov)

  Shahriyol Sadurozoda, president of Tajik Luban Workshop and vice-president of Tajikistan Technical University, said that thanks to the joint construction of the "the belt and road initiative" and the joint efforts of the leaders of the two countries, Luban Workshop settled in Tajikistan, which promoted civilized exchanges and educational cooperation and became an example of friendly relations between Tajikistan and China.

  In recent years, the road of educational cooperation between China and Central Asian countries has become wider and wider, the number of international students sent to each other has continued to increase, cooperation and exchanges between universities have become increasingly close, and the joint school-running model has been continuously expanded … … In January 2022, at the video summit of the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and five Central Asian countries, China announced that it planned to provide 1,200 China government scholarships to five Central Asian countries in the next five years, giving priority to the establishment of Confucius Institutes and Confucius Classrooms in Central Asian countries.

  Intersection across time and space centers

  In Almaty, the largest city in Kazakhstan, there is a street named after China people’s musician Xinghai Xian, and not far away there is a street named after Kazakhstan musician Bahad Jean Baikadamov. Two parallel streets record the friendship between two musicians during the war.

  In 1940, Xinghai Xian was sent by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from Yan ‘an to Moscow to post-produce and score the documentary Yan ‘an and the Eighth Route Army. After the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union in 1941, film production came to a standstill. In 1942, Xinghai Xian moved to Almaty. Unaccompanied and destitute, Xinghai Xian received selfless help from the Baikadamov family. In Almaty, Xinghai Xian composed famous music works such as National Liberation, and based on the deeds of Kazakh national heroes, he created the symphonic poem Oman Geld, which inspired people to fight against fascism.

  Through time, the touching stories of the two musicians have been passed down from generation to generation. Erect monuments, hold concerts, publish books and co-produce films … … Their friendship has been celebrated and remembered, and it has become a precious spiritual wealth in people’s hearts.

  On May 13th, 2019, China and Kazakstan co-produced the feature film "Musician" and held its premiere conference and ceremony in Beijing. The film tells the story of China musician Xinghai Xian who moved to Almaty during World War II and was rescued by Kazakh musicians in a cruel environment. The picture shows the film’s creative staff and guests taking a group photo at the premiere conference. Xinhua News Agency reporter Shen Bohan photo

  Similarly, taking art as a bridge, in 2021, the animated short film "Song of a New China" created by Turkmenistan girl Chris in China was launched, which became an "explosion" of network positive energy. The short film of nearly 8 minutes vividly shows the birth process of march of the volunteers and tells the story of its going from China to the world.

  During the creative period, Chris and friends from China visited the National Anthem Exhibition Hall, Nie Er’s former residence, Nie Er Music Square, EMI Xiaohonglou and other places, collected a lot of written materials and remake more than a thousand old photos, and finally created a short film in the form of freeze-motion animation. "I am very happy to tell the story of the national anthem of New China in an innovative and interesting way. This story deserves to be understood by more people." Chris hopes to shoot more films in the future and show the world a real China.

  In recent years, more and more young people from Central Asian countries have become attached to China and become ambassadors of friendship — — Ruslan, who donated panda blood, Ken Jebeyev, who fought against the epidemic several times, and Ma Wenxuan & HELIP, who lamented that "I am a foreigner, but not an outsider"; …

  Navai, a famous Uzbek poet, said, "There is nothing better than living in friendship." Friends get closer, neighbors get closer. During the frequent visits, China and the people of Central Asian countries have closer hearts and deeper feelings, and will continue to jointly paint a beautiful picture of knowing each other, dating each other and interacting with each other. (Participating in reporters: Zhang Jiye, Li Ao)